Chlamydia infection

SCREENING PROTECTS!

Chlamydia are very small, spherical bacteria that colonise, multiply and destroy the body's cells. The Chlamydia genus includes 3 species, which can trigger various diseases in the human body

Chlamydia pneumoniae can cause inflammation of the bronchi and the paranasal sinuses.

Chlamydia psittaci is that pathogen that causes parrot fever. It can be transmitted to humans, but is very rare.

Chlamydia trachomatis pathogens are, however, among the most common causes of sexually transmitted infections. Particularly in young people, these bacteria are transmitted due to unprotected sexual intercourse and because they frequently change partners. With increasing age and stable partnerships, the rate of infection drops.
Chlamydia trachomatis can also cause inflammation of the eye and occasionally in the throat, the urethra, the rectum and the anus.

These small bacteria cause no symptoms in approx. 80 % of the women infected and in about 50 % of men.This means that the infections often remain unnoticed, but are transmitted during sex. On a global scale, depending on the age group, about 10 % of the population is infected at any given time. In Germany, there are around 300,000 new infections with Chlamydia in women every year. The infection occurs most often in young women; roughly one in ten young women is affected.

Symptoms
such as pain during urination and discharge and itching in the genital area can occur after one to three weeks.

Without treatment, women may suffer inflammation of the uterine lining, the fallopian tubes and ovaries, along with scarring and adhesions of the ovaries, thus resulting in infertility. Infected pregnant women suffer from higher rates of ectopic (tubal) pregnancies, miscarriages, premature births and other complications. In about 60-70 % of cases, these bacteria are transmitted by an infected woman to her baby during childbirth. In the newborn, this can result in eye inflammation or pneumonia.

Even in fully-grown men, a Chlamydia trachomatis infection can lead to severe inflammation of the prostate and the epididymis, resulting in infertility.

In pregnant women (in the course of maternity care) and in women up to age 25, the costs of Chlamydia testing (one per year) are paid by statutory health insurance.

Therapy involves administering an antibiotic.

Chlamydia infections should be detected and treated as early as possible.

The patient’s partner must also be tested and, if positive, treated to prevent reinfection.

The presence of the pathogen can be detected by a laboratory test.

RECOMMENDED LABORATORY TESTS

To detect infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, the direct detection of pathogens is the method of choice.

The test can be performed from a urine sample, a swab or the ejaculate. Your attending physician will discuss the most suitable test methods with you.

Do you have any questions? We will be glad to advise you.

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